Divided States

Introduction to the Divided States

Divided States

Divided states, where states may mean red and blue states or, perhaps, the mental and psychological states of the American people, and while these are closely correlated, there is a wide mix between the two. Perhaps the division is between urban and rural populations, but even that is too narrow. In this post, the last of a series of three in a row, I briefly address the divisions related to political decisions concerning economics and trade.

In the wake of the American Civil War, the United States embarked on a journey to mend a fractured nation. However, the scars of that conflict never fully healed, and the country has since been plagued by a deepening and persistent political division that has become even more pronounced over time. This complex web of divisiveness, rooted in historical events, cultural clashes, and evolving ideologies, has been significantly influenced and exacerbated by the intricate interplay of foreign trade and economic factors. To comprehend the full extent of this division and its contemporary implications, a comprehensive exploration of its historical origins and the role of globalization, economic inequality, and trade dynamics is essential.

Divided States: Historical Roots of Division

The aftermath of the Civil War set the stage for a prolonged period of animosity and mistrust between different segments of American society. The Reconstruction era, fraught with battles over civil rights and racial equality, sowed the seeds of a divide that would persist for generations. The clash of values and the scars of slavery ingrained regional identities, fostering a narrative of “us versus them” that has persisted through the decades.

Divided States: Economic Factors Amplifying Division

Globalization and Job Displacement

The latter half of the 20th century witnessed a seismic shift in the global economic landscape, with international trade becoming a cornerstone of modern economies. However, the downside of this phenomenon was the displacement of traditional industries, leaving communities dependent on manufacturing struggling to adapt. The erosion of livelihoods, particularly in rural and working-class areas, exacerbated existing resentments and fueled a sense of economic abandonment.

Divided States: Income Inequality

Economic inequality reached staggering heights, as wealth was concentrated among the elite while the middle class and marginalized communities faced diminishing prospects. The unequal distribution of economic gains gave rise to feelings of injustice and further widened the gap between those who felt the system favored them and those who believed it left them behind.

Regional Economic Disparities

The United States’ diverse geography led to divergent economic trajectories. While metropolitan centers thrived as engines of innovation and prosperity, many rural and post-industrial regions faced decline. These disparities were fertile ground for feelings of neglect and a sense that certain areas were being left out of the nation’s progress.

Divided States: Foreign Trade’s Impact on Division

Divided States: Trade Deficits and Outsourcing

The concept of “fair trade” emerged as a rallying cry for those who felt foreign competition was threatening domestic industries. Trade imbalances and the outsourcing of jobs became emblematic of a system that seemed to prioritize global partnerships over the well-being of American workers. This fueled protectionist sentiments and heightened the perception that foreign trade was eroding the nation’s economic foundation.

China’s Ascendance and Economic Concerns

China’s meteoric rise as an economic powerhouse and its trade practices drew sharp criticism. The influx of cheap imports and the perceived loss of manufacturing prowess to China intensified anxieties over national economic security. Debates over trade relations with China were intertwined with broader discussions about the nation’s global standing and its ability to safeguard its economic interests.

Divided States: Partisan Exploitation of Economic Anxiety

Political leaders adeptly harnessed economic concerns for their own agendas. Trade-related grievances were manipulated to deepen the rift along partisan lines, amplifying ideological clashes and rendering meaningful bipartisan cooperation increasingly elusive. The narrative that foreign trade was responsible for domestic woes became a powerful tool in shaping public opinion and securing electoral support.


The deeply entrenched political division that has persisted since the American Civil War is a product of a rich tapestry of historical events and economic dynamics. Foreign trade and economic factors have played a substantial role in fanning the flames of discord, as globalization, job displacement, income inequality, and regional disparities have contributed to an environment ripe for polarization. To mend the fractures and forge a path toward unity, it is imperative to acknowledge the intricate web of influences that have perpetuated division.

A comprehensive approach that combines historical understanding targeted economic reforms, and a commitment to fostering inclusivity is necessary to address these challenges and cultivate a shared sense of purpose that transcends the divisions of the past. Only through such concerted efforts can the United States hope to navigate a more harmonious and prosperous future for all its citizens.


Image created by The Fischel Group

By Politics-as-Usual

Roger is a retired Professor of language and literacy. Over the past 15 years since his retirement, Roger has kept busy with reading, writing, and creating landscape photographs. In this time of National crisis, as Fascist ideas and policies are being introduced to the American people and ignored by the Mainstream Press, he decided to stand up and be counted as a Progressive American with some ideas that should be shared with as many people who care to read and/or participate in discusssions of these issues. He doesn't ask anyone to agree with his point of view, but if entering the conversation he demands civility. No conspiracy theories, no wild accusations, no threats, no disrespect will be tolerated. Roger monitors all comments and email communication. That is the only rule for entering the conversation. One may persuade, argue for a different point of view, or toss out something that has not been discussed so long as the tone remains part of a civil discussion. Only then can we find common ground and meaningful democratic change.

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